Author: Kyaw Min | 08 Nov 2017

The Japan Interna­tional Cooperation Agency (JICA) pro­vided a $1.5 billion grant to help improve Myan­mar’s education system in early October, according to U Myo Thein Gyi.

The Japanese agency said there are three things that deter a student’s mo­tivation to continue learn­ing. The quality of teach­ers in the classroom, and school facilities, and the overall educational expe­rience.

In light of that, the funds will be allocated into two parts. The first part will be for basic education high school facilities across the nation. Dilapidated school buildings will be renovated and new build­ings will be constructed as needed, U Myo Thein Gyi, said. This will include things like administration buildings, assembly halls and gymnasiums, class­rooms, sleeping accom­modations for teachers and students, dining halls with kitchens, and any as­sociated equipment.

The second part of the funds will aim to improve the quality of teachers in basic education schools, JICA said. This will in­clude providing continu­ing education for teachers through education colleg­es in Myanmar.

There are various ways in which Japan supports education in Myanmar other than just building schools. They aid in de­veloping and improving curricula, provide oppor­tunities for skill develop­ment, offering scholar­ships to study in Japan, and supporting Japanese language education, ac­cording to JICA.

Myanmar and Japan en­joy a long-standing strong bilateral relationship across a wide range of po­litical, economic, social and cultural spheres. Ja­pan’s economic coopera­tion with Myanmar dates back to 1954. Throughout their history of the bilat­eral cooperation, educa­tion has always been a major area of focus. Ja­pan sees education as an important element for improving people’s lives and livelihoods.

Japan is fully committed to supporting the imple­mentation of Myanmar’s National Education Stra­tegic Plan for 2016-2021. Along with relevant min­istries and other develop­ment partners, the Japa­nese Embassy and the Japan International Co­operation Agency (JICA) are active participants in the education sector coor­dination meetings.

Since May 2014 the JICA has been supporting the Ministry of Education with the development of a new curriculum, particu­larly the development of new textbooks through “Project for Curriculum Reform at Primary Level of Basic Education (CRE­ATE project).”

The Project for Curricu­lum Reform at Primary Level of Basic Education in Myanmar is a part of the National Comprehen­sive Development Plan. Assessment committees empowered under the nationwide plan have rec­ommended the curricu­lum be reformed.

In 2013 JICA offered ¥1.35 billion ($13.5 mil­lion) towards the ad­vancement of engineering in two technology univer­sities in Yangon and Man­dalay over a five-year pe­riod from 5 October 2013 to 5 October 2018.


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